Bone grafting is a surgical procedure designed to replace receded or damaged tissue in your jawbone. This procedure is commonly provided to restore dental implant candidacy. It can also improve oral function or facial aesthetics. Dr. Joseph T. Mormino in Staten Island, NY, can work with a skilled oral surgeon to provide a safe and effective bone grafting procedure.
When Is Bone Grafting Necessary?
When tooth roots are missing for an extended period of time, the lack of stimulation can cause jawbone deterioration. The body will naturally begin to resorb bone tissue near the empty tooth socket, distributing the bone cells elsewhere.
Patients may also need a bone grafting procedure if they have experienced trauma to the jaw, undergone lesion removal, or suffer from congenital defects.
Receiving Dental Implants after a Bone Graft
A sufficient amount of jawbone density and strength is needed to anchor dental implants. Following a dental implant placement, the implant post fuses with the surrounding jawbone tissue in a process called osseointegration. This is key to a successful implant procedure because it provides stability to the implant and attached prosthetics. In some instances, patients can receive dental implants immediately following a bone graft, although most will need to wait a few months to heal.
Although bone grafting is commonly provided to improve dental implant candidacy, it can also improve oral function or facial aesthetics.
The Bone Grafting Procedure
Bone grafting can be performed after recession or injury has occurred, or immediately following tooth extraction. To begin, anesthesia will be administered to numb the area. Sedation options, including nitrous oxide and oral sedation, are available for your comfort. Next, your surgeon will create an incision in the gums. He or she will place bone material (either synthetic donor tissue or bone harvested from another part of your body) into the tooth socket or recessed area. Finally, the surgeon will close the incision site.