Gum recession occurs when the gum tissue surrounding your teeth gradually pulls back, exposing the sensitive tooth roots. This condition is not only painful, but also leads to tooth loss. Additionally, the exposure of the tooth roots can detract from the aesthetics of your smile. Dr. Joseph Mormino can provide both conservative and surgical treatments at his Staten Island, NY, practice.
Understanding Gum Recession
Gum recession leads to exposed tooth roots and pockets between the teeth and gums where bacteria can collect and develop. Without proper treatment, gum recession can have negative consequences on your oral health. Gum tissue provides vital support to your teeth. As the condition advances, the tissue may no longer provide a stable foundation for teeth, causing them to eventually become lost. Gum recession also has aesthetic disadvantages. As the teeth become more exposed, they may appear elongated, disrupting the symmetry of your smile.
Causes of Gum Recession
Gum disease is one of the most common causes of gum recession. In its early stages, gum recession causes bacterial beneath the gum line. If left untreated, the tissue will eventually begin to recede. Several other factors may also lead to the development of this condition, including:
- Aggressive brushing
- Teeth clenching or grinding
- Hormonal changes
- Eating disorders
- An allergy to sodium lauryl sulfate, which is found in many toothpastes
- Crowded or crooked teeth
- Misaligned bite
- Lip or tongue piercings
Genetics can also increase your risk of developing gum recession.
Gum Recession Symptoms
There are several signs that may indicate gum recession, such as:
- Tooth sensitivity
- Teeth that appear longer than before
- Visible tooth roots
- Changes in tooth color
- Gaps between teeth
- Gums that bleed when brushing or flossing
- Inflammation of the gums
- Bad breath
Gum recession develops slowly, and may not be immediately apparent when you look in the mirror. This is one of many reasons why you should undergo dental exams on a regular basis.
Treating Gum Recession
In the earliest stages of gum recession, Dr. Mormino can reverse the condition through scaling and root planing, in which plaque and bacteria are removed from below the gumline. In more advanced stages, he can perform a gum graft, in which healthy donor tissue is used to replace recessed tissue.
Dr. Mormino can provide both conservative and surgical methods to treat gum recession.
It is also important to brush twice and floss at least once each day to prevent gum recession. Dr. Mormino is always happy to discuss preventive methods and provide patient education to help you maintain a healthy smile.
Protect Your Oral Health
If you believe you may be experiencing symptoms of gum recession, or if you do not currently visit a dentist for regular checkups, do not hesitate to contact us online today or call us at (718) 571-8428. Dr. Mormino is passionate about helping patients protect their oral health, and he can recommend a solution to help you resolve gum recession.